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Data About Latinas Pay Gap

Spain is where the Spanish language originated, so naturally it’s the hub of Spanish speakers in Europe. But with 46 million Spanish speakers, Spain has fallen behind the United States, becoming the country with the third largest Spanish speaking population. What people report on census forms are not subject to any independent checks, corroborations or corrections. This means, in theory, someone who has no Hispanic ancestors could identify as Hispanic and that’s how they would be counted.

According to Judicael Clevelário’s calculations, the total population of immigrant origin in 1872 would be of about 240,000 people; consequently, the total White population of non-immigrant origin for that year would be of about 3,540,000 people at least. In the eyes of the Census Bureau, Hispanics can be of any race, any ancestry or any country of origin. This results in varying patterns that relate to where people come from and how they choose to identify themselves on census surveys. For example, nearly all immigrants from Mexico (99%) called themselves Hispanic, according to a Pew Research Center analysis of the Census Bureau’s 2017 American Community Survey.

All the while, policymakers must ensure that these apprenticeships continue to be paths to training while earning living wages. The disaggregation of the white male premium and Hispanic woman penalty detailed in Figure 7 sheds light on the mechanism through which the wage gap changes with rising education. Regardless of their level of education, white men benefit from approximately similar wage premiums—just above 20 percent. Alternatively, Hispanic women who receive a high school diploma experience a wage gap that is about 10 log points lower than Hispanic women who dropped out before graduating high school.

The Pay Gap Actually Widens For Women At Higher Education Levels8

A number of European countries, including France, and Switzerland do not collect information on the ethnicity of their resident population. The total number of national minority populations in Europe is estimated at 105 million people or 14% of 770 million Europeans. The 19th century saw the development of the political ideology of ethnic nationalism, when the concept of race was tied to nationalism, first by German theorists including Johann Gottfried von Herder. Instances of societies focusing on ethnic ties, arguably to the exclusion of history or historical context, have resulted in the justification of nationalist goals. Two periods frequently cited as examples of this are the 19th-century consolidation and expansion of the German Empire and the 20th century Nazi Germany.

In contrast, the benefit of some college is marginal in closing the wage gap, and the benefits of a bachelor’s degree are even smaller. Depressed labor force participation and work hours bring down earnings for individual Hispanic women workers and may also contribute to a more precarious and anti-competitive labor market for all workers. The late date for Latina Equal Pay Day demonstrates the differential economic well-being faced by Latinas compared to white men in terms of earnings. In addition to overt wage discrimination, the explained portion of the wage gap is largely caused by structural barriers that reduce Latinas’ expected earnings. The largest explained causes of the white-men-to-Hispanic-women gap include the segregation of Hispanic women into lower-paying occupations and lower-paying industries and the disparity in access to education and skills training for many Hispanic women .

For the 2010 Census, Summary File 2 [PDF 4.5 MB] allows users to access any table in the files for a particular Hispanic subgroup, provided the group meets certain population criteria for the geographic area under consideration. At present, census data provide information on geographic areas smaller than those reported in the ACS. The Current Population Survey provides national-level data on the social, economic, and demographic characteristics of selected race groups, both current and past. Tables on the Hispanic population in the United States are also available, both current and past. Population estimates by age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin are produced annually for the nation, states, and counties.

The South of Brazil is the region with the largest percentage of Whites. According to the 2005 census, White people account for 79.6% of the population. In the 1940 census, people were asked for their “color or race”; if the answer was not “White”, “Black”, or “Asians”, interviewers were instructed to fill the “color or race” box with a slash. In practice this means answers such as “pardo”, “moreno”, “mulato”, “caboclo”, etc.

A. The terms “Hispanic” and “Latino” are panethnic terms meant to describe – and summarize – the population of people living in the U.S. of that ethnic background. In practice, the Census Bureau most often uses the term “Hispanic,” while Pew Research Center uses the terms “Hispanic” and “Latino” interchangeably. A study done in 2009 shows that there is not a significant difference between the attitudes or preferences towards the terms among young (18–25) and older individuals. Among the overall Hispanic population, young Hispanic prefer to identify themselves with their family’s country of origin.

  • For the most part, researchers have concentrated on Caucasian girls and women from middle- to upper-class backgrounds, with few doctors even equipped with the language and questions to ask Latina sufferers.
  • The media has a lot of room to grow in terms of their portrayal of non-American cultures and it can start by just having ethnic women play regular roles as common people, rather than portray a character and fill a stereotype that is completely made up by a white male’s mind.
  • But while Latina teens have amuch higher rateof teenage pregnancies than their white peers, they don’t have sex more often than their white counterparts.
  • In fact, a2009 studylooking at sexual health factors in teens by race and ethnicity shows that the female rate of teenage intercourse for Latinas and non-Latina whites are identical, with 45% of teen girls from both racial/ethnic groups reporting having had sex.

And Asian-American women reported that people frequently assumed they were foreigners. Said a physicist, “I’ve had a number of conversations where people ask me where am I from.

Then, he pointed the positive elements that permeate the Brazilian cultural formation because of genetic mixing . Freyre’s book has changed the mentality in Brazil, and the mixing of races, then, became a reason to be a national pride. However, Freyre’s book created the Brazilian myth of the Racial democracy, which held that Brazil was a “post-racial” country without identitarianism or desire to preserve one’s European ancestry.

When it became clear that this policy would result in the land being taken by other European powers – namely the French and the Dutch – the Portuguese Crown decided to effectively occupy the territory by fostering agricultural activities – especially sugarcane crops – in Brazil. This resulted not only in the growth of the population of Portuguese origin, but also in the introduction of African slavery in Brazil. The Brazilian population was formed by the influx of Portuguese settlers and African slaves, mostly Bantu and West African populations (such as the Yoruba, Ewe, and Fanti-Ashanti), into a territory inhabited by various indigenous tribal populations, mainly Tupi, Guarani and Ge.

In fact, the pay gap is widest among Latina women with a college education, and widens as higher levels of education are obtained. Latinas with advanced degrees only make two-thirds of the salary of their white male counterparts on average, and a similar discrepancy exists for bachelor’s degree and high-school degree holders.

The classification of “races” is compounded by social and cultural factors. The main human races are Caucasoid, Mongoloids (including Chinese, Japanese, Koreans, and American Indians, etc.), and Negroid. Many other subgroups within the larger ethnic groups may be classified. There is no genetic incompatibility among the various human races and there is no well-founded scientific evidence that interracial marriage would lead to the disruption of co-adapted gene blocks resulting in biological or mental deterioration in the offspring.

I feel sorry for any Latina who would date you- you clearly don’t even see them as full human beings. This can lead to a culture of paradox extremes– a Latina women is either ridiculously fit, or struggling with obesity. This means that when people look at your sexy Latin lover and think she’s only good for “that,” it isn’t just because ofModern Family and Desperate Housewives. There are real-life obstacles for Latina women to develop their careers and ambitions. Jennifer Lopez went from anonymous background dancer to international superstar.

By way of language shift, acculturation, adoption and religious conversion, it is sometimes possible for individuals or groups to leave one ethnic group and become part of another. The social construct that ethnic groups share a similar gene pool has been contradicted within the scientific community as evidenced by data finding more genetic variation within ethnic groups compared to between ethnic groups. He states that the U.S. is not a country with one “general” culture and several “regional” culture, as is commonly thought. Rather, there are only four regional cultures as described above, and understanding this helps one to more clearly understand American history as well as contemporary American life.