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Bosnia To Croatia Border

Violence Against Women

These exceptions were the Bihać pocket, Bosnian Posavina and the Tešanj space. Despite some animosity, an HVO brigade of around 1,500 soldiers additionally fought together with the ARBiH in Sarajevo. In other areas the place the alliance collapsed, the VRS, still the strongest pressure, often cooperated with both the HVO and ARBiH, pursuing a neighborhood balancing coverage and allying with the weaker facet. On 25 April, Izetbegović and Boban signed a joint statement ordering a ceasefire between the ARBiH and the HVO. It declared a joint HVO-ARBiH command was created and to be led by General Halilović and General Petković with headquarters in Travnik.

The key villages on the route were captured on 15 June and on the following day the ARBiH entered Kakanj. After taking the village of Tulica south of the town, HVO forces killed 12 Bosniak civilians and POWs and burned a number of houses. In the Han Ploča and Grahovci villages north of Tulica, 64 individuals had been killed in the course of the attack or in custody.

Kvinna Till Kvinna In Bosnia And Herzegovina

The city of 20,000 residents was equally divided and coexistence between Croats and Bosniaks had been retained. The ARBiH and HVO maintained separate headquarters a kilometer apart. The ARBiH moved on in the direction of Kakanj with an attack on villages to the southeast of town. As the ARBiH approached town, 1000’s of Croats began to flee, and the outnumbered HVO directed its forces to protect an escape route to Vareš, east of Kakanj.

While the ARBiH outnumbered the HVO in central Bosnia, the Croats held the clear military advantage in Herzegovina. The 4th Corps of the ARBiH was primarily based in eastern Mostar and underneath the command of Arif Pašalić.

The scenario in Mostar calmed down by 21 May and the 2 sides remained deployed on the frontlines. The HVO expelled the Bosniak inhabitants from western Mostar, while 1000’s of men had been taken to improvised prison camps in Dretelj and Heliodrom.

In July, the ARBiH was tightening its grip on Kiseljak and Busovača and pushed nearer in direction of Vitez and Novi Travnik. Due to its location on the outskirts of the besieged Sarajevo, the Kiseljak enclave was an essential distribution middle of smuggled supplies on the route to Sarajevo.

Bosniak forces tried to interrupt through from the north and reinforce the ARBiH positions in Stari Vitez. The HVO took management of a number of villages around Vitez, but the lack of assets slowed their advance and the plan of linking the Vitez enclave with Kiseljak.


As within the case of Central Bosnia, there exist competing narratives as to how the conflict broke out in Mostar. Combat mainly took place around the ARBiH headquarters in Vranica building in western Mostar and the HVO-held Tihomir Mišić barracks (Sjeverni logor) in jap Mostar. After the profitable HVO attack on Vranica, 10 Bosniak POWs from the building have been later killed.

The attack began on 2 July with artillery and mortar attacks, just days after the UNPROFOR Commander referred to as the town “an island of peace”. In the town of Žepče, 45 kilometers northeast of Zenica, Croats and Bosniaks had two parallel governments.

The ARBiH deployed parts of its 3rd and sixth Corps, about 6–8,000 troopers versus round 2,500 HVO troopers within the enclave. The assault on Kreševo was repelled after heavy combating and the HVO stabilized its defence strains exterior the city. The next target of the ARBiH was Fojnica, a town west of Kiseljak.

Until the summer time, most of the combating occurred in the northern space of the enclave and west of the city of Kiseljak. During the April escalation, the HVO gained control over villages in that space. Another round of fighting started in mid June when the ARBiH attacked HVO-held Kreševo, south of Kiseljak. The assault started from the south of the town and was followed by a strike on villages north and northeast of Kiseljak.

On the identical day, nonetheless, the HVO and the HDZ BiH adopted an announcement in Čitluk claiming Izetbegović was not the respectable president of Bosnia and Herzegovina, that he represented only Bosniaks, and that the ARBiH was a Bosniak army drive. On 18 April, a truck bomb was detonated close to the mosque in Stari Vitez, resulting in the destruction of the War Presidency workplace, the deaths of at least six people and harm to 50 folks. The ICTY decided this was an act of “pure terrorism” carried out by parts inside the HVO, but didn’t link the attack to the HVO management. The HVO encircled Stari Vitez where the ARBiH deployed in trenches and shelters with round 350 fighters.

Meanwhile, tensions between Croats and Bosniaks elevated in Mostar. By mid-April 1993, it had turn out to be a divided city with the western part dominated by HVO forces and the jap part where the ARBiH was largely concentrated.

Distribution, Status And Protection Of Brown Bear (Ursus Arctos L., In Bosnia And Herzegovina

The ARBiH held Croat prisoners in detention facilities within the village of Potoci, north of Mostar, and on the Fourth elementary school camp in Mostar. There were areas of the country where the HVO and ARBiH continued to struggle side by side against the VRS.

Situation Of Bosnian Women Raped During The War

The HVO Southeast Herzegovina, which had an estimated 6,000 men in early 1993, was under the command of Miljenko Lasić. The battle in Mostar began within the early hours of 9 May 1993 when each the east and west side of Mostar came underneath artillery hearth.