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One good way to accomplish clarity and structure in your text is by the application of signposts.

One good way to accomplish clarity and structure in your text is by the application of signposts.

Take a look at this short video to find out more about personal pronouns and active and passive voice.

Academic writing is explicit in lot of ways. First and foremost, this means that there surely is a clear presentation of ideas in the paper. The text need to have a well-organized structure and be easy for the reader to adhere to. One method to accomplish clarity and structure in your text is by the usage signposts. Signposts are words and phrases that can be used in your text so that you can guide the reader along. Signposting can be split into two different categories: major signposting and linking phrases and words.

More on explicit language Show more/less

Major signposting is used to signal key areas of the job, such as the function of an paper that is academic its structure. Some situations of major signposting:

The goal of this study would be to …
This chapter reviews/deals with …
In conclusion …

Linking phrases and words create coherence and present your reader directions by marking transitions between sentences and paragraphs. A few examples of linking words and phrases:

Being explicit in your writing does mean you are not vague but instead very specific into the presentation of ideas, numbers and years. Being specific helps add precision to your writing.

Common pitfalls for non-native writers – and exactly how in order to avoid them

If English just isn’t your first language you might encounter certain difficulties when writing academically. This section relates to several of the most common pitfalls. It becomes easier to avoid them and thereby become a better writer if you learn what your problems are.

Words which can be easily confused Show more/less

Some words may look very similar but have very meanings that are different. For example you might write “manger” instead of “manager”. Keep in mind that this sort of mistake just isn’t discovered because of the spellchecking function of your word processor. To avoid these types of mistakes it is suggested that you consult a dictionary.

Punctuation Show more/less

It’s important to be aware that writing correct English just isn’t pretty much using the right words but in addition includes sentence structure and punctuation. The usage of punctuation differs between languages; a good example could be the question that is upside-down at the start of interrogative sentences in Spanish. But additionally, there are smaller differences including the usage of commas therefore the way quotation marks look.

Take a good look at this video that is short more information about punctuation:

You might use punctuation sufficient reason for that, sentence length, to produce variation in your writing. If your entire sentences are extremely short or very long the reading becomes somewhat tedious.

The study has resulted in many results. One outcome is described here.

These two short sentences could be combined into:

The study has led to many results, one of which is described here.

However, be careful to make sure you usually do not create run-on sentences. These occur when two independent clauses are joined without the right punctuation or connecting word.

The study has resulted in many results one result is described here.

Sentence fragments Show more/less

A sentence fragment is an incomplete sentence and therefore it cannot stand on its very own. A sentence that is complete a subject and a verb and is made from one thought.

These are samples of sentence fragments:

So he went to start to see the doctor. (Why did he go to look at doctor?)

Such as vegetables and fruits. (exactly what are fruit and vegetables examples of?)

In 1918. (What happened in 1918?)

Shattered glass all over the floor. (This is a fragment since there is no verb that is main

Sentence fragments could be fixed by incorporating them into the sentence that holds the key clause, changing the punctuation or by extending the fragment into a sentence that is full.

Peter had a sore throat so he went along to look at doctor.

Children should eat food that is healthy such as for instance fruit and vegetables.

World War I ended in 1918.

Glass was shattered throughout the floor.

Dangling modifiers Show more/less

A dangling modifier is a word or phrase that doesn’t connect properly to the main sentence.

Having finished the experiments, the total results were analyzed.

In this sentence, it really is unclear what the modifier “having finished the experiments” describes. Who has got finished the experiments? Just how the sentence is constructed, the modifier connects to“the total results”, but clearly “the results” have not finished the experiments. This sentence has to be rephrased. One of the ways of accomplishing this is certainly to clearly state who conducted the experiments and analyzed the results:

Having finished the experiments, we analyzed the outcomes.

Or, if you do not want to are the pronoun “we” that is personal

Once the experiments were finished, the results were analyzed.

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