But this, of course, is not all: we have developed special programs for children with disabilities
Marina Zhuravleva, head of the Center for Oceanography and Marine Biology “Moskvarium”, talks about how inclusive projects are implemented in practice.
“The work on inclusive education has a unique character – it is important to prepare people for the fact that there should be no artificial barriers in communication, negativity towards those who are limited in something, and that all people need to learn about the world and use with all the opportunities that life gives us, ”she said.
Marina Zhuravleva notes that it is necessary to develop, implement and, moreover, implement inclusive education programs at all levels.
So, today many such projects are already being implemented in Moscow, sites have been created that allow people with disabilities to lead an active lifestyle, get acquainted with the sights and cultural objects of the city.
For example, Moskvarium is basically a barrier-free environment for visitors with disabilities, and in addition there are special lifts and employees.
“But this, of course, is not all: we have developed special programs for children with disabilities. Recently we held a series of classes for visually impaired children, prepared models for them, according to which they could compose a certain “image” of sea inhabitants, made special coloring with Braille, ”says Marina Zhuravleva. – Of course, before the first lesson we were worried, but then we realized that this is really necessary and important for everyone, and that the children were delighted. The most important thing is not to emphasize that they do not see something, do not hear, cannot – you just need to be attentive, fully engage with them, taking into account their characteristics. ”
According to the head of the Moskvarium, a lot has already been done to develop inclusive education in Russia: children with special needs learn to socialize, “fit in” into the team, programs and methods have been developed for teachers.
Such a barrier-free environment is important for society: people do not just talk about compassion and help, they learn to take care of others, to help those who really need it.
The Federal Agency for Scientific Organizations was created three years ago, but disputes about the effectiveness of this structure still arise today. The portal “Russian Education” learned from the Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Professor Alexei Elyashevich, how the Russian Academy of Sciences and FANO can find a common language.
“FANO interferes in scientific activities. Previously, researchers at academic institutions had to report their work once a year. Now they have to report two more times: for six months and for nine (that is, in fact, for the work done in the summer, while on vacation). As a result, scientists, instead of doing science, write reports that hardly anyone reads, ”the professor replied.
Elyashevich drew attention to the fact that for researchers their activity is a creative work in which officials should not interfere.
“FANO should be clearly subordinate to the Academy, and not vice versa. It should be a part of the Russian Academy of Sciences and be engaged in economic activities, ”he added.
The professor also noted that it is necessary to increase the basic fixed salary for young novice scientists, since they have much fewer opportunities to receive grants than those with academic degrees and academic titles.
Author: Maria Naumenko The opinions of experts, whose comments are published in the “Point of View” section, may not coincide with the opinion of the editorial board.
The Federation Council proposes to include in the school curriculum a course on modern history of Russia from 2008 to 2016. Vyacheslav Timchenko, deputy chairman of the committee of the upper house of the Russian parliament on the rules and organization of parliamentary activity, came up with such an initiative.The editorial staff of the portal “Russian Education” learned the opinion of Vadim Kuznetsov, a history teacher at the State Budgetary Educational Institution of Gymnasium No. 1528 in Zelenograd, regarding this initiative.
“I believe that this section should be included in textbooks, this is the history of our country, a lot of events took place in this nine-year period, including foreign ones. Thus, for example, the policy of Dmitry Medvedev is completely ignored, what kind of president he was and what he did during this time, what policy he pursued, what he succeeded in, what he failed, what was happening on the international arena, ”the historian noted.
He stressed that it is also necessary to tell schoolchildren about the annexation of Crimea, about relations with Ukraine, and about the imposition of sanctions.
“All these events need to be commented on somehow. You don’t have to give any single point of view, you can say that there are different views on this policy, “Kuznetsov said.
He clarified that this section should be introduced in grade 11 textbooks and that it is worth returning to the linear education system, and not concentric.
“I also believe that we need a unified history textbook, because we are now discussing with colleagues that we are working on different things: someone is now working on Kosulina, someone on Zagladin, someone on Kreder. In addition, the views of scholarly historians should also be reduced to some kind of consensus on the history of our country, we must find a common point of view, ”the teacher emphasized.
The historian also commented on the idea of creating optional political and historical circles in schools, where children could condemn modern historical events.
“We have to go from demand, if there is a social order for these circles, then we will open them. In our school there is no order, our children are indifferent to politics, but in the classroom we discuss this, of course. Again, in order to discuss some political issues, students must be prepared, and this is possible in grades 10-11, because they are still children in grade 9, but in high school this is relevant, ”the teacher said.
He noted that now very few schoolchildren are interested in the history of their country.
“Every year I have one or two people hand over history, few people are interested in the subject, and this is a disaster for our people. Now, if they introduce the obligatory passing of the history exam in grade 11, then ours Interviewed by Natalya Lifarenko,
Signatures have begun on the Internet for a petition to introduce sex literacy in schools. The editorial staff of the portal “Russian Education” learned the opinion of a family psychologist, candidate of sciences, a member of the Professional Psychotherapeutic League Irina Obukhova.
“It is better for children to learn from a neutral scientific point of view than they learn from each other,” she said.
According to the psychologist, much depends on the form of presentation of this information.
“Homeopathy is very important here, the dosage of information so as not to stir up interest. This is a very delicate question, ”added Obukhova.
She called it positive that children will know the subtleties and details from a scientific point of view.
“Of course, as a subject it would be nice to introduce, but very delicately, because when there is a“ theory ”at school, I would not want them to try to practice right away,” Obukhova emphasized.
As a rule, we are faced with the problem of the consequences of illiteracy.
“This topic is like a litmus test for family relationships,” the psychologist believes.
In her opinion, a girl should receive sex education at home, and most often she does not receive it, but finds it out on the Internet and from her friends.
The opinions of experts, whose comments are published in the “Point of View” section, may not coincide with the opinion of the editorial board.
The bill on 123helpme.me the organization of children’s recreation is planned to include an item on the personal responsibility of officials for the delivery of children to the place of rest and their stay in the camp. Such amendments are being prepared by the Commission of the Public Chamber of Russia on social policy and quality of life.
The editorial staff of the portal “Russian Education” learned the opinion of Pavel Sychev, the first deputy chairman of the commission for the support of families, children and motherhood, a member of the public chamber, on this issue.
“Officials at the regional level should be involved in supervising the territory of large children’s camps, rest homes, as control over the inspections that took place there. That would be correct, “Sychev added.
He said that camps should be monitored, which fall on the list of children’s recreation.
“Institutions must undergo an appropriate inspection by Rospotrebnadzor and other authorities, which must provide a so-called“ passport ”and information that the camp really complies with all standards, that it has passed a safety check,” he said.
According to him, this already imposes responsibility.
“Personal responsibility should be on those bodies that check and control on the ground. Children are, first of all, safety, ”he stressed.
According to Sychev, in the future it is necessary to monitor all children’s institutions that have already come under control and received a signal from Rospotrebnadzor and the General Prosecutor’s Office.